Drawing a diamond can seem like a tough work because any design of this gem has an extremely complex look. Rough diamonds that are mined are shaped in a multi-step process called ‘cutting’. The most common cut shape that a diamond takes after being processed, is ’round shape’. Diamond facets resulting from the processing of raw diamonds are created based on a certain logic.
Well, how to draw a diamond? There are both easy and hard ways to draw diamonds. Also, there are professional ways of drawing a diamond using special programs and software as well as amateur ways of drawing a diamond using simple tools. You can draw a diamond simply by using a few correct pencils and following the steps. Also, there are more complicated ways that you can draw a diamond by using a pencil and tools like a compass and protractor. However, if you need to make this drawing professionally, you can use Photoshop or 2D and 3D CAD (Computer-Aided Design) for it depending on the purpose.
If no ring matches your dream ring and therefore you want a custom-designed ring, you can draw the diamond and jewelry you want to own. This way you can have the same ring of your dreams. However, it can also be used by designers when determining the design by using a pencil.
Drawing a Diamond in 5 Steps: A Simple and Easy Technique
When it comes to drawing precious stones such as diamond, ruby, and emerald, this process is much easier than you think if you know the technique well. If you master the facets of the stone, you can draw any gemstone that you want.
There are a few steps to draw parts of a diamond and achieve a diamond drawing that looks like a real-looking gemstone. To show the colors that are hidden in the glitter of the diamond and reflected brilliantly, you should use an Everblend marker and a white gel pen. The materials that are required to draw a diamond are as follows:
- an Everblend marker: А428, А949, А8275, А268, А487, A0
- a 2HB pencil
- white Gel Pen
A faceted diamond consists of connecting lines and angles. Your drawing will be more successful if you pay attention to each step and where each line is placed. For this reason, you should use a 2HB pencil that has a hard lead. In this way, it becomes easier to remove unwanted lines.
Start by drawing a horizontal line and cross it with a line drawn vertically down to create a cross. Next, draw double lines diagonally that converge and run forward for an equilateral triangle and put three lines in the center of this triangle.
Now, draw three parallel lines in the center of the triangle, each of a different length. One above the centerline and this is the longest. Draw two more lines that are one above the line and one below. The top one is slightly shorter and the bottom one is shorter still. These lines function as references for the top, middle, and base of a diamond.
Draw two lines beginning at the tip of the stone to reveal the location of the front base facet and add two more lines for each side facet. The diminishing distances between sections are what give it perspective and create this classic diamond shape. Use level lines and join them to form the base of the diamond. For the middle or top of the stone, draw a sloping line toward the center. Now, you can see that the stone comes into shape.
Place an angled line on the centerline and on both sides to form the table of the diamond. Then, connect the lines to complete the drawing and add color.
In this stage, use EverBlend A428 to paint a table facet plus one of the top facets. Next, use A949 to fill more of the top parts and another base section. To color more parts of the base, use A8275 to color. Finally, paint the next two with A268 and use A487 for the rest.
The painting finished but the drawing is not finished yet. The gemstones are cut into facets to reflect light and make it sparkly, so you can use the A0 marker to diffuse and soften colors. Otherwise, they will become too saturated and cause the gemstones to appear very plain and dull. Use EverBlend A0 to shade the stone to reveal how it shines and outline each area with a white gel pen to emphasize the reflections of the light.
As you can see, faceted stones are just a combination of angles and you can draw stones from different views from the top, side, bottom-up by using the same steps.
Multifaceted Drawing of a Diamond
Drawing a diamond can be quite complicated from many perspectives. However, there are certain drawing steps for each perspective and these steps make drawing easier.
The materials required for a multifaceted drawing are as follows:
- a protractor
- a pair of compasses
- a ruler
- a graphite pencil (HB or H type)
- an eraser
- an ink pen (optionally)
How to Draw a Diamond in a Top View?
First of all, mark a point called ‘O’ point. It is the central point for drawing a circle of random radius. To draw a circle, a compass is a right choice. Using the compass, draw two vertical dashed lines passing through the center point. Divide each part of the circle in half. The simplest way to do this is to find angles of 45° through a protractor. Now, there are eight points of intersection with the circumference. Mark the points A and B to merge these with a dashed line.
Draw a vertical line called D that starts from the center of the circle to between A and B points. Point D indicates where this line meets the circumference. To create an octagon, connect the intersections with a dashed line. Divide the sections of the circle in half once more by adding new lines between each line.
Measure the length of the OB segment with a ruler and determine its one-fourth part by marking it as C point. Now, measure the length of the OC segment with the compass and draw seven more points to the other dashed lines to create new segments the same length as OC and merge C and D points. Also, join the point of D with the point on the right side to form an angle and get a star shape.
Overlay the dashed lines between the peaks of this star and mark E point. This point stands at an arbitrary distance from the center of the circle. Next, measure the length of the OE segment and equidistantly mark the points to the center. Connect points C and E and more points to create a different star shape. Finally, I connect points E and F and complete the set of segments that form a new shape inside the circle.
How to Draw a Diamond in a Side View?
Although we explain step by step how to draw the diamond in the side view in the first part, this method is a bit more complicated and professional drawing. It also integrates with the drawing in top view. Just like drawing in top view, draw a straight line with a ruler. The length of this line should be 10 cm and you should be sure to leave enough place for the lower part of the diamond.
Add one more straight line and connect two lines to create a narrow, rectangle. This is a draft shape for the medium part of the diamond. Mark the 45° angles with a protractor, and draw two lines. In this way, they will cross at a point and create a basic shape of the diamond’s pavilion. 45° is the best measurement for an ideal pavilion angle because it gives the most light. Now, you can construct the upper part of the diamond, that is, the crown.
Determine the angles as 34° and draw two diagonal lines that each of them are in the length of 2.5 cm. Draw a straight line to create the table of the diamond and divide it with a dashed line. This line will be the sign that the drawing is symmetrical. Create the subsegments inside the OA segment. The first three parts should be in the length of approximately 1.6 cm. However, the fourth part should be very short. Name these lines A, O, and B to make the representations clearer.
Assume that the starting point of the first subsegment of the girdle is point C. Connect points B and C. Then, connect the points on the opposite side of the shape as if mirroring the design. Divide the CB segment into approximately three equal parts and mark the lower one with point D. Connect points D and O, and then connect point D with another point on the left.
Reproduce this line string on the opposite side of the shape and then add the F point. Point F must be on the same imaginary line as point D or slightly below it. Then connect points E and F and recreate this design on the right side of the shape. Suppose that the point marking the shortest part of the girdle is point G. Connect points G and F and do the same for the right side of the shape. Add a short line to the bottom of the diamond as if you were cutting a small portion of the shape.
Now, you have the diamond culet (small dot on the base). Repeat the same process for the symmetrical right half of the diamond, dividing the OA section into seven parts. Draw a distinctive pattern of larger and thinner pieces. There is no hard and fast rule about what a diamond girdle should look like. That’s why you can complete the girdle as creatively as you want at this stage. Complete the girdle.
Vertically draw a dashed line from point F and mark the intersection point with the letter H with the upper line. Then add another line from the corresponding point on the right and now get point H₁. Divide the side of the crown into three. Mark the top with the letter I and add a point corresponding to the other side of the diamond. Add a line that starts from point I to the prominence above point E and draw this line in the same way across the drawing. As usual, repeat the pattern on the right side of the shape and connect the H and I points. Then, reflect the line on the opposite half of the diamond.
Starting from point O, where the vertical line intersects the girdle, add point O₁, and where this line meets the upper border of the diamond, add point O₂. Connect the three points in the form of points O₁, H, and H₁. Draw diagonal lines starting from point O₂. The line on the left is directed to point E, but it and the corresponding line are not needed to cross the O₁H and O₁H₁ segments. The left-hand line is directed to point E. However, to cross the O₁H and O₁H₁ segments, you do not need it and the corresponding line.
We had a small shape resembling a rhombus; now, mark the side point of this shape with a letter J and add a line connecting point J with the bulge above point E. Repeat the same process on the opposite side of the diamond. Connect point J with the prominence above point C, and then add a corresponding line to the right side of the diamond. Finally, as the process is complete, outline the surfaces with a pen and you can now erase pencil marks. The diamond is complete.
Understanding the principles of designing a round cut brilliant diamond will help you create beautiful diamond artworks and even derivative models of jewelry. A diamond drawing requires a lot of work but is not too difficult to complete in a few steps with the right materials and the right technique.
How to Draw a Realistic Diamond in Photoshop?
Firstly, make a loose sketch to get an idea of the size of the diamond and roughly lay down the facets of the diamond. You should turn on a ‘grid’ to make a more refined drawing of the diamond. Then, go to ‘view’ and ‘show’ in the menu and click ‘grid’. The drawing of the diamond needs to be precise. So, this grid will help you out. Now, make a new layer on top of the sketch layer and select the ‘line tool’. The line tool will help you make straight lines. Also, you should make sure that you have the line toolset to Pixels. You can set the opacity %100 and the line weight to 3 pixels. Go over the sketch layer and try to be as precise as possible. Count the lines on the grid to find the exact middle for the bottom of the diamond.
Now, you have a clean line drawing now. You should make new layers, one for the bottom part, one for the middle line, and one for the top, and make a new selection for each part and fill the layer with a grey tone. You can use the ‘polygonal lasso tool’ to select the bottom part of the diamond. Again, try to be as precise as possible. You can vary the colors for filling the sections a bit to separate the shapes. However, the color is not as important as this stage.
Diamond has been broken down the diamond into three parts, bottom, middle, and top. However, you should break it down further. Hold the CONTROL key while clicking the thumbnail of the bottom layer to make a selection. Grab the polygonal lasso tool again and set it to ‘subtract from selection’ to cut off parts of the selection. Then, you should break up the lower part of the bottom of the diamond into two parts.
Now, make a new layer and fill this new (smaller) selection. You should be sure about every part of the diamond is on a separate layer. Now, you should cut off the center part of this selection and fill a new layer again. Make a new layer beneath the layers of the bottom part. This will be for the top part of the bottom of the diamond. You should select every facet of the diamond and fill the layer with the right color.
The next step is to select the entire bottom part of the diamond again through clicking the layer thumbnail while pressing the CONTROL key on your keyboard. Select the layer that you have just filled and then click the layer mask icon. The lower part of the diamond is now divided into four parts. You will be able to paint each part separately. After you paint the layers, you should group these layers to keep things organized. You will use the same technique to separate all parts of the top part of the diamond.
Step 3 is time to get to the next part of drawing a diamond. You can pick a darker background to make the diamond pop up later on. Then, you can turn off the lines layer and tidy up the facets a bit and use the polygonal lasso tool to adjust the facets a bit. You should make sure that you work on the right layers though. Once everything is nice and tidy, you can start to paint on top of the facets.
For this, you should use layer clipping masks. Afterward, start at the top, make a new layer on the top of the top layer, and select layer clipping mask. You will be lying down some color variation on the facets now. You can use a round brush with slightly ragged edges for this, but a standard soft round brush would be fine as well. At this stage, you should check your reference photo while painting color on the diamond. Now, it does not have to be all tidy and this will just a base for the next painting. Work through all the facet layers and use layer clipping masks for each part.
In this step, you will make new layers on top of all the facet layers and use layer clipping masks again. It is time to add details to each part of the diamond. A diamond is full of sharp edges and sharp-edged highlights. So, you will use the polygonal lasso tool again. The polygonal lasso tool enables us to get very sharp edges because you will not be able to paint outside of the selection.
You should make random shapes on the facets and fill them with colors that are close to what you have already laid down. You should know that some parts of the diamond will need very bright highlights. You should be sure to check your reference material to see where you can add these shapes and highlights. This part of the painting process is very time-consuming but the effect that you will see at the end of the process will be worth your time.
Finally, it is complete! The diamond already looks pretty good and detailed right now, but you should add a little extra touch. Duplicate all your groups and merge the duplicated layers. Now, you have a merged version of the diamond. Grab a selection tool and right-click on the diamond, then select ‘free transform’. Then, click ‘right’ again and select ‘flip vertical’. Move the flipped diamond to the bottom. This will become the reflection of the diamond.
The next step is to go to ‘filter-blur gallery-path Blur’ respectively. Then, click on the bottom point of the diamond and then, on the bottom of your canvas. Double click to confirm this path and you can adjust the speed of the blur a bit to suit your needs.
Now that you have blurred the layer, you will add a layer mask and paint on the mask with black. You should use a soft round brush for this and the black will mask parts of the reflection. The reflection of the diamond allows the diamond to be more subtle. So, you can add more to the reflection with a soft round brush on a new layer. You should be sure to not make this reflection too bright. Now, you can use the same soft round brush to add highlights to the diamond. The last stage is to paint these highlights on a new layer. These highlights give some sparkle to this diamond.
CAD (Computer-Aided Design) for a More Professional Drawing and Designing: What Is CAD and How Does It Work With Jewelry?
CAD corresponds to ‘Computer-Aided Design’. CAD is a design that makes it possible to create three-dimensional objects in the virtual world and takes place in a computer program. CAD programs allow for a lot of manipulation and almost numerous detail in every job you do and are used in architecture, industrial manufacturing, product design, and finally, of course, jewelry. For this reason, it is one of the most common ways preferred by designers for diamond drawings.
On the other hand, there are many misunderstandings about what a CAD is and how it works. CAD is a drawing of a ring created in computer software, for example. It is important to remember that CAD is not an ultimate representation of your ring, and CAD shows a casting of metal, not wax. If you are a buyer, you should consider that a CAD being the bulky, cartoon version of the ring. The finished product will be much more refined and polished than CAD.
After CAD drawing, the metal is poured into the wax mold, which is the basis of the ring design, and the diamond is placed on it. The craftsman removes the wax mold and starts working to manually polish and refine the ring. Then, they placed the diamond or another center stone. CAD will be required for more complex, detailed engagement ring designs. However, for some simpler engagement ring designs such as a solitaire engagement ring, CAD software will not be required, although some customers like to view CAD designs of solitaire engagement rings.
How Does CAD Work in the Jewelry World?
A common way to create jewelry involves hand-carving wax blocks into whatever you want your piece to look like. With CAD, you can do great things like a mirror, copy and paste parts and keep parts symmetrical at the micron level. There are still cases where more traditional jewelry creation methods make sense for the project you are working on, but it is always better to have more tools at your disposal.
One of its best features about CAD is its rendering ability. Rendering means the process of creating a raster image based on 3D objects of a scene. CAD allows designers to place 3D jewelry models in a virtual environment and assign specific pieces to different materials and textures, and then, let the computer create a photo-realistic image of what the piece of jewelry will look like when it is completed.
This capability means that designers can create visuals of parts that do not exist yet and create added value for customers by enabling them to see how the design will look when it is completed. Hand drawings can be useful most of the time, especially during the design phase, but are limited to two dimensions. On the other hand, CAD may include the third dimension customers want to see when considering to own a custom design ring.
If you want to create drawings in CAD, you have to keep the scale in mind. Measure the different parts of the model you created it from time to time to make sure you do not output anything too small. Jewelry creation is a minor engineering work and the parts can be thick enough to cast properly.
You need to be sure that the parts are thick enough to be cast properly and that they are resistant to wear when the part is complete. At the same time, you should not let anything get too thick. You have to make sure that the ring is structurally intact and that any jewelry to be set later is held securely. There are a lot of points that you check before a model is sent to the printer.
There are different types of CAD Software used by jewelry designers. Because they use pen and gouache, jewelers access the digital world through 2D drawing and sketching software:
2D CAD Software for Creative and Artistic Purposes
Some designers focus on art and graphic creation such as Photoshop or Gimp. The Gimp is mostly used for photo retouching, artistic creations, sketches. Even if you are mainly working in 3D, it is more recommended to use these 2D tools to prepare your backgrounds, textures, and sketches. Typically, a good use case would be modifying and editing your creations for marketing purposes.
2D CAD Software for Technical and Production Purposes
Other 2D CAD software such as AutoCAD, Illustrator, or CorelDraw is more useful for preparing technical drawings. Also, they can be used for milling, engravings, or cuts using vector technology.
You will use this kind of software to design precise geometric shapes. The way that vectors functions allow you to infinitely, scale, adjust, and bend your shapes, lines, and curves, as opposed to pixels. Your creations and modifications can then be used for:
- Fitting the design of the model to a more technical dimension.
- Choosing how to cut elements during production.
- Preparing the end of the manufacturing process by drawing patterns, making textures, and writing texts to be engraved on jewelry to personalize.
These types of functionality are must-have when designing in jewelry software. Indeed, most of them work automatically based on pre-built elements and also help you design ideas in your mind.
3D CAD Software for Many Opportunities
If you want to enter the world of 3D CAD, you need to understand how items are created and must change. Even if you can compare this to your physical workshop, one software gives you access to many new possibilities only digital tools can offer. For example, suppose the ring you designed needs to be changed in size.
Imagine how long it would take to sculpt another wax block to prepare the production model. Using 3D CAD, this work may take minutes, depending on the technology that you choose. You can adapt elements such as the number of jewels, spikes, etc. related to the new ring size. Then, you can send it to the 3D printer for prototyping. The best thing about it is that you can send a slightly different list of rings to your printer with the same gesture. That way, your client will have options when trying them out. You can create a collection to show how creative you are.
Through 3D, you can create a model by making one or several drawings in a matter of hours, and then make deviations to change models. Changing your models can even get you to create necklaces, bracelets, and bangles when you initially only had one ring. Also, you can save time while prototyping the images of the models that you create, creating realistic renderings.
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