Although exact numbers are not definite, when we look at the overall we can say that the emerald cut diamonds are the cheapest ones among all of the diamond cut types. Let me give you more information about emerald-cut diamonds.
Cutting is always of great importance when choosing an engagement ring for the person you love. They represent things that are a powerful milestone in relationships such as love, faith, and commitment. Because there are too many options between different ring segments, the cut can affect the appearance of the stone, and many women choose the type of cut they prefer. Therefore, even if they are cheaper than most of the other diamond types, emerald cuts are among the most popular stone cuts for diamond engagement rings. It has managed to take its place among the indispensable accessories of women.
Another striking stone segment for the diamond engagement ring is the Emerald segment. This is a type of step cutting where facets resemble the actual steps carved into the stone. The flats are wide with flat planes. The shape of the stone is rectangular with slightly cut corners. The emerald cut was named because it was originally cut for use with emeralds. However, it was a classic look that was also used in diamonds.
The elongated shape of the emerald cut is often matched with baguettes, or even other emerald cut stones like accent stones. If the ring buyer has long and thin fingers, a single emerald-cut stone on the diamond engagement ring will make the stone look even longer. If the person has shorter fingers, an emerald cut may not look as good as it is. A cushion cut ring may look elegant and flashy on shorter fingers. But don’t pay too much attention to secondary stone cuts. Purchase the diamond engagement ring considering its cut type and give the ring of her dreams to your loved one.
How to Choose Emerald Cut Diamond?
The emerald cut diamonds have a rectangular profile, but in fact, they are shaped as octagonal. This diamond cut is not as popular as round cut, and that is why emerald cut stones are less expensive than round diamonds with similar quality characteristics. A square-shaped profiled emerald cut is often referred to as the Asscher cut.
The most obvious difference between the emerald cut and the round cut is the shape. However, there is also a difference in another feature that affects the look of the diamond importantly. While round diamonds are cut to maximize brightness, this is not the same for the emerald cut stones – their faces are not set to bend and reflect light as well as round diamonds. Since the emerald cut stones are not cut to the maximum brightness that can hide their imperfections, the yellow tones and round stones on these diamonds are more visible than the round ones.
Quality of the Emerald-Cut Diamonds
Unlike round cut, the emerald cut is not graded in cut quality by GIA (America Gemological Institute of America). You will only see Polish and Symmetry notes in the rating report for an emerald cut diamond. There is no consensus on what ideal emerald cut measurements should be. The basic rule is that good emerald cut diamonds should have a total depth of 60 to 70 percent (not length) of their width.
Generally, a lower depth percentage is preferred in emerald cuts because this means that the diamond will look larger when set. Being shallow with emerald cut stones is not a big problem because the total depth does not affect the appearance of round diamonds as much as they are not cut to provide shine.
The lack of brightness in emerald cut stones also affects how you choose their clarity. Coverings concealed by the brightness of the round stones are clearly visible in the emerald section. Therefore, when deciding the clarity for the emerald cut, it is best not to be lower than the VS grade (VS Included). SI1 and SI2 clarity diamonds of this shape will most likely have inclusions visible to the naked eye. However, if you focus your search on VS1 and VS2 emerald-cut diamonds, you are more likely to find a prominent gemstone at a reasonable price.
Diamond Cutting Quality
When you think of cutting diamonds, people usually think of the shape of the diamond. However, the shape shows the appearance of the diamond (such as round cut diamond, heart cut diamond, drop cut diamond). Cutting refers to the state of the diamond’s cutting ratios, symmetry, and brightness. Regardless of color, clarity, and carat, a well-cut diamond looks brilliant and clear, and a poorly cut diamond looks dark and lifeless. Therefore, we can say that cutting is the most important factor in 4C.
Well-cut diamonds look brighter and appear larger than diamonds of the same carat. In other words, the diameter of the “ideal” cut diamond is wider than that of the deep cut diamonds. Shallow-cut diamonds, on the other hand, cannot show enough brightness because they cannot reflect the light back. Therefore, ideally, cut diamonds are more effective than others.
- Diamond Cutting Classification
Diamonds are divided into five categories according to their segments. These;
- Fair (reasonable)
- Very Good
Very Good and Excellent cut diamonds are preferred. Generally, carat is seen as the most important factor in the eyes of the diamond consumer. However, this perception needs to be changed over time. Because if a diamond with 1 carat has a poor cut, it is more unpretentious than a diamond with an excellent cut of 0.50 carats and is similar to zircon stones. Therefore, the cut is seen as the most important factor by people engaged in the diamond trade.
- Ideal Cut Diamond
The diamond with the ideal cut is cut at ideal proportions and angles and exhibits excellent flare and symmetry. The most important feature of an ideal cut diamond is that it provides an excellent proportion and reflects the light back from the tray and cone and provides brightness. The crystals in the crude diamond are shaved to obtain optimal cuts by observing natural particles.
Imagine, for example, the production of two diamonds from the raw diamond. One of them is an excellent cut and larger carat, the other is poor or fair cut and lower carat diamond. In commercial terms, it is aimed to extract the maximum possible diamond from the raw diamond. Excellent cuts and a large carat diamond are obtained while the rest of the diamond is either shaved to obtain small (0.01-0.05 carat) diamonds or poor or fair cut diamonds are obtained. The main objective here is to maximize profit.
What you need to pay attention to when buying diamonds is that they do not have poor or fair cuts. If it does not appear in the diamond’s certificate, you can tell from the fact that the diamond reflects light when it is exposed to glare and light at different angles.
Diamond Cutting Techniques and Standards
The only feature of the diamond created by the human hand is the most important feature in determining the beauty of the diamond. The dazzling glow of the diamond depends on the craftsmanship of the cut and the technology used. The better the cut, the greater the brightness of the diamond. The cut quality of the diamond is determined by the reflection and refraction rates of the diamond. The light that enters from one surface of the cut diamond with the correct proportions is reflected from the other surface and scattered and spread from the upper part called ”crown”. Diamond consists of three parts. Crown, belt, and cone.
The section above the arch is called the “Crown”. There are 33 facets in the crown section. Since the number of facets in the crown section is high, more reflection and brightness are observed in this section. The crown section, therefore, appears whiter than the overall diamond. The “belt” section may be natural, polished or faceted. The thickness of the belt affects the brightness of the diamond. A thick-arched diamond appears more matte, while a thin-arched diamond is vulnerable to nailing. The belt is an important part that keeps the diamond intact. Without the belt, diamonds would not be used in production.
The section under the arch is called “cone”. There are 24 facets in the cone section. The cone section provides the reflection of the light entering the diamond. As much as the right angle of the cone is cut, the light entering the diamond is reflected and exits again. This ensures the optimum brightness of the diamond. Sometimes a facet can be thrown at the end of the cone. With this facet, the most sensitive part of the diamond is prevented from damages that may occur on the cone tip. Although the world’s hardest mine, diamonds are vulnerable to impacts from certain directions and can break quickly.
The diameter is the size of the diamond belt from one end to the other. Depth is the height of the diamond from the table to the tip of the cone. A well-cut diamond consists of facet surfaces at the right angles that best reflect its brightness. However, the shape of the diamond and the cutting technique of the diamond are different subjects. The shape of the diamond (round, princess, drop, emerald cut, etc.) varies according to taste.
Diamond Cutting Techniques
Ideal cut: The cut that makes almost all of the light entering the diamond gets reflected from the surface is called the ideal cut. The most perfect of the diamond cutting techniques is the ideal cut. The surface of the diamond is kept smaller than the good cut and by doing this, the brightness of the diamond is increased. In the meantime, the ideal cutting technique is devoted to cutting qualities such as excellent, very good, and good.
Good cutting: It is a nearly ideal cutting technique. The diamond surface is slightly wider than the ideal cut. It reflects almost all the light entering. Price is more suitable than the ideal cut.
Shallow cutting: In case the cutting is not deep enough. It causes the light to escape from the cone and causes the diamond to not shine enough.
Deep cut: It is formed by keeping the distance between the belt part of the diamond and the handle (cone tip) part too much. The deep cut causes some of the light to escape from the lower part of the diamond called “cone”, causing it to not shine.
Diamond Cutting Standards
Diamond cutting standards have been determined in international diamond certificates and classified as follows.
Excellent: If you want your diamond to be the best possible, it is the cut you prefer. It is the one that provides the highest increase in diamond prices caused by the cut.
Very Good: Excellent quality. It would be a wise choice as it is more affordable in price and high in quality.
Good: It is the cut that enables customers who do not want to compromise on quality and beauty to save costs in a perfect way.
Mediocre (Fair & Poor): It is a poorly graded segment that reflects a small portion of the incoming light. It is a cut made to keep the carat weight higher. It can be found in many jewelry stores. This diamond cut is not recommended if you want your diamond to shine.
History of Diamond Cutting
In ancient times, people believed that the diamond was magic. It was thought that the raw diamonds, which came out of nature, removed evil spirits, cured illnesses, and made the bearer of the diamond very strong. In addition, it was believed that when these raw diamonds were modified, the benefits of the diamonds would disappear. This understanding in ancient times began to change in the 14th and 15th centuries. Unshaped diamonds – with the development of polishing and cutting techniques in India and Europe – have begun to emerge with eight-sided point-cut stones with a more transparent surface.
In the 16th century, polishers cut the top of the diamond with a grating method to reveal the so-called flat table facet. This cut was called a table cut. Later, the grating method was developed and today the so-called rose-cut method was introduced. Although the rose cut produces a finished diamond, the raw diamond has caused a large amount of weight loss. Rotary diamond cutting machines in the 1900s and modern cutting machines that were introduced after 1970 gained great skill in converting raw diamonds to shiny precious stones. Today, the modern diamond cutting method consists of 3 stages: Cutting, Grossing and Polishing.
Marcel Tolkowsky (1899-1991) contributed to the formation of the diamond cutting industry. Marcel Tolkowsky has published a piece called Diamond Design, in which he describes how a bright, round diamond performs in light. The findings in this work have affected the diamond cutting industry for years. Today, studies on how diamond cutting affects light performance are continuing.